I consider the icon of Jesus Christ to be one of the most significant in the history of Orthodox religion. It is to her that I ask for help when I want to be cleansed of all negative things, to receive forgiveness for the crimes committed and deserve the blessing of God before some important events in my life. In the article I will talk about the history and versions of the holy face.
The icon of the Savior is depicted in several versions. There are certain rules, following which icon painters create his face on a canvas.
The distinctive features of the icon of Christ, which can be easily identified, are as follows:
- In the halo, illuminating the bright face of the son of God, fit the cross. He personifies what God himself incarnates in Jesus, through him conveys his will to people. There is an image of Jesus Hulki, who has no halo at all, and a cross behind the face of Jesus.
- On the canvas next to the image of Christ, or not his halo paint Greek symbols IC XC, which symbolize his name. Letters can be placed on a blue background that surrounds the holy image.
- In the classical version, Jesus has an elongated face, the emphasis is on his expressive eyes, and his facial features are thin and refined. Particular attention is paid to symmetry.
- As for the clothes of Christ, icon painters usually “put on” him a loose long shirt, over which a blue stole is thrown.
- The face is always depicted strictly in the center of the icon, the look and face of the Savior is addressed strictly to people. So that creates the feeling of a piercing gaze, as if he is looking at a person directly into the soul.
These rules are valid for canonical understanding of the icon of Christ the Savior. It happens that icon painters depart from the generally accepted rules. There are variants of images in which he is naked and half immersed in a coffin, next to which is located the mother Maria with covered eyelids.
Photo of the icon of Jesus Christ the Savior:
Believers — followers of the Christian religion have a belief that the very first icon of the Lord God is miraculous, that is, created not by human hands. The roots of this belief go back to historical legends.
This theory has several versions:
- The eastern version appeared in the fourteenth century. This legend tells of the king of Edessa, who was sick of leprosy. Exhausted by illness, the king sent messengers to Jesus and asked him for healing. He also asked Christ, if he could not come, send him at least his face. The icon painter failed to pass through the crowd surrounding Jesus to paint his portrait. The Savior saw this and helped — he washed his face, wiped it with a cloth, from which his face appeared on the canvas, which he sent to the king.
- In the west, there was a different version, which was formed in the period from the 13th to the 15th century. The exact time is unknown, and we can only rely on the opinion of researchers. According to the legend, a certain woman Veronica, a believer and living according to the creator’s commandments, during the procession of the Cross presented her handkerchief to the son of the Lord so that the tired Jesus could wipe his face from sweat and blood. The sacred face appeared on this headscarf.
- The third version originated in ancient Russia. Our ancestors believed in their version — “Spas wet beard”. On such icons (which depart from classical canons) the tip of Christ’s beard is depicted as very thin and straight, as if washed with moisture.
It is because of the second version that Western icon painters depict a crown of thorns around the head of Jesus.
This is the most common version of the image of the holy face, the second name of which is Pantocrator. On these icons, the figure of Jesus is depicted to the waist. In his left hand the son of God firmly holds the Gospel. The right hand is raised up, which symbolizes the blessing of all who believe in Christianity. This image was formed in the middle of the sixteenth century.
This image has its religious significance. It symbolizes the sincere and selfless faith of man in the divine. For Christians, such faith is fundamental, so this face can be seen in many temples and churches.
There are other options for the Almighty. On some icons he is depicted in full growth, and behind him are the red square, the rhombus and the blue oval, which personify the Earth, the spiritual world and the afterlife, respectively.
The throne on which Jesus sits is a symbol of the throne, of power.
This version of the icon stands out against the general background and has its own distinctive features. Jesus on canvas is depicted not as an adult man, but as a child or teenager. At the same time, all other classical attributes are present — halo, cross, Greek symbols.
Such a Savior symbolizes that the Son of God, even before his baptism, carried the divine into the world, manifesting his essence.
Such holy images are quite rare as a separate composition. More frequent option — icons of the Virgin Mary with the baby in her arms.
Watch the video on:
The most obscure version of the icon, which stands alone among all others. On the canvas, in addition to the image of Christ himself, there are other figures of people. He himself is placed strictly in the center, seated on the throne. And next to him are his mother and John the Baptist. In some versions of the execution you can see on the icon figures of martyrs, saints, apostles.
Icon painters began to depict such versions of the image of the holy face as early as the seventeenth century. Icons of Deesis have a special meaning, which consists in the intercession for the person before the Creator. It is also a reminder to people that the Savior brings prayers into the world, protects people who address him. And that God is always merciful.
People turn to this image for help: in order to feel the divine in themselves through prayer, come to the Lord, receive purification from sins and earn their forgiveness.
Stand out in the list of icons of Jesus are those that depart from the classical canons. These are the following images of the holy face.
Good silence — saved, in which Christ is depicted as an angel, which he was even before his appearance on Earth. This is a fragile, smooth-faced boy in white robes, with two wings and a star-shaped halo. At that time, Jesus was not yet a mentor of people, therefore the Bible is not in his hands.
Great Bishop. On this icon, God is depicted as a priest in expensive vestments and with a golden diadem on his head. In his hands he holds the Bible and looks at all of humanity, sending him his blessing.