Popular names and traditions of the day
Most likely, Grigoriev day 13 could have gone unnoticed in the national calendar, if not for the feast of the Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos following him. After all, in Russia it was customary to prepare for the celebrations in all seriousness so as not to strike a face in front of people, and to walk from the heart: wide, beautiful, fun.
But before the huts and yards in order to bring, should take care of themselves and their loved ones. Therefore, early in the morning, at 13, in silence and in concentration, not responding to the greetings of friends, the village hostesses went to the confluence of the two rivers. There, having scooped up and poured water three times, they gathered full pots and jugs and, bringing the “river sap” home, washed all family members “from the evil eye and the prizewinner”, not forgetting, of course, to pour over themselves.
And then, rolling up their sleeves, they washed, washed, caulked, burned old straw from the beds, collected rubbish from courtyards, huts and gardens, removing it out of sight. In general, they worked tirelessly, according to the old code: “Grab lukewarm to Pokrova — fix the hut, straighten the rubble, don’t grip — you suffer in the cold.”
Well, «if everything is ready, do not grieve and wait for the Protection», once again, just in case, check that everything in the house is tidied up so as not to spoil the holiday because of its own oversight.
Tradition says that 13 people tried to update their pillows and mattresses. The old straw was usually burned, and the new stuff was filled with all things.
The holiday of the Intercession was approaching, and therefore, it was necessary to bring order to the house. They threw out the garbage, covered the porch and the house with fresh straw.
13 farmers associated with straw, because they believed that it absorbs all the power of the earth. They said that a Russian man was born on straw and died on it. They usually slept on straw, it was used to make curtains for windows, they fed cattle with straw.
If the summer was wet, then the straw rotted, but even then it was not thrown away, but used to cover the roofs of huts.
The hostess had to burn the old straw. Someone used the barns, and someone threw straw into the furnace to protect themselves and loved ones from the evil eye. They also prayed to Michael and Gregory that the replacement of straw was solely for the good.
By the way, by the old straw one could judge the state of health of the person who was sleeping on it. They said that the straw could tell about the imperceptible illness, which gradually progressed.
Also, the old women burned bast shoes at this time in order to “give the winter a go”.
The tradition of diving children through a sieve with water was widespread, putting them on the threshold of the house — they believed that it helped protect against diseases. By the way, the sieve and the threshold were considered symbols of the other world, the border between the house and another land.
Sieve was also associated with wealth.
Church 13 honors the memory of St. Michael, who is known as the first Metropolitan of Kiev. According to legend, at the end of the century Patriarch of Constantinople Nicholas II ordered Mikhail to go to Korsun, where he should have baptized Prince Vladimir.
A little later, the saint visited Kiev, where he converted many to the Christian faith. Now the relics of the saint are in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra.