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Signs of the people on July 24 — Olga’s Day, Efimi-stozharnitsa

Signs of the people on July 24 - Olga's Day, Efimi-stozharnitsa

Popular names and traditions of the day

It was said that 24 the time had come for the suffering and the thunderstorms. On this day, the holy Princess Olga prayed that she would send good weather and help finish the harvest as quickly as possible. Also, 24 were in a hurry to remove the rye and collect hay in the stacks, since the weather during this period was rainy, and the morning dew also did not help the mowing to be kept in good condition.

It was said, in accordance with the signs, that it was time to grow very harmful for garden crops and, in particular, for cucumbers — they always tried to shelter them from moisture. The weather on Olga’s day was wet and hot.

In Russia, the constellation Ursa Major was called Stozhara. In the Orthodox Church, 24 celebrated St. Olga, who did a lot for the adoption of Christianity in Russia.

According to the legend, Olga was the wife of Prince Igor, and the latter, at a meeting with her future wife, noted her pious temper. Igor, seeing the girl, immediately inflamed her with passion and tried to incline to sin.

However, Olga said that he must marry her first.


Igor and Olga got married, and soon they had Prince Svyatoslav.

However, the happy family did not live together for long, because the Drevlians killed Igor during the tribute collection. After that, the ruler of the Drevlyane offered Olga to marry him.

She pretended to agree to do this, and lured the embassy of the Drevlians to Kiev, where she betrayed them to death. After that, she ordered to burn down the city of Iskorosten — the capital of the Drevlians. The inhabitants of the city were either killed or sold into slavery.

Of course, these legends say that Olga was a very cruel person. At the same time, her good deeds are known. Thus, the chronicles will contain information according to which Olga was actively engaged in the development of the economic and political life of her state.

It was she who declared that the people, for their own well-being, must accept faith and become followers of religious teaching. First, Olga herself went to Constantinople to get acquainted with the Christian doctrine and observe the church service.


Convinced of the righteousness of the Christian faith, Olga was baptized, receiving the name Elena, and returned to Kiev with icons and books. She converted many of her relatives to faith and laid the foundations for the veneration of the Holy Mother of God.

It is noteworthy that Olga’s son, Svyatoslav, did not want to be baptized, and was a pagan. Despite Olga’s efforts, during his reign there were very few adherents of the Christian faith.

True, Olga still attracted her grandchildren to the Christian faith, and this gave its fruits, because one of her grandchildren, Vladimir, who had the baptism of Russia, continued her work.

People called Olga Stradnitsa, because during this period the height of field work was observed. The meadows and fields of 24 usually went out throughout the village.

Someone was engaged in harvesting hay, and someone was collecting mushrooms in the forest — in general, they did not sit at home.

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